The purpose of this study is to clarify the feature of school music education based on Herbartianism in Germany at the end of 19th century. After examining the essential principles of Herbartianism, the author researches the music educational theory by Wilhelm Rein who was one of the most vocal proponents of Herbartianism. Furthermore, I analyze the music teaching materials for elementary school children edited by him.
Rein insists that the texts of songs should be related to other subjects, especially morals, and school life. He claims that the texts of songs are arranged in order of the history of cultural development. He states that these songs are taught through five formal teaching patterns. Observing it from a child's developmental phases, he insists that difficult texts and chorus pieces should be eliminated at elementary school level.
These ideas are fully implemented through his school music teaching materials. All songs are composed by a single melody with considerable attention paid to the development of children's vocal range. Most of the texts of songs edited by him are linked to the contents of morals and are arranged in order of historical developments in Germany.