タスク研究におけるタスク効果の指標 : 意味交渉・訂正フィードバック・Language Related Episodeの違いに着目して

広島大学日本語教育研究 Issue 25 Page 29-36 published_at 2015-03-25
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Title ( jpn )
タスク研究におけるタスク効果の指標 : 意味交渉・訂正フィードバック・Language Related Episodeの違いに着目して
Title ( eng )
Measures of Task Effects: Comparison among Negotiation of Meaning, Corrective Feedback, and Language-Related Episode
Creator
Kimura Noriko
Itoh Aki
Kuroda Ryoko
Source Title
広島大学日本語教育研究
Bulletin of the Department of Teaching Japanese as a Second Language, Hiroshima University
Issue 25
Start Page 29
End Page 36
Journal Identifire
[PISSN] 1347-7226
[NCID] AA11531831
Abstract
A growing number of task studies have examined which tasks provide increased focus in language forms incidents. Researchers have used negotiation of meaning, corrective feedback. and language-related episodes (LREs) as measures of focus. However, each measure relates to different aspects of dialogue. Therefore, the results of task studies may differ depending on the measure employed. The present study was conducted to investigate which measure extracts more focus-on-form incidents regarding grammar. The participants were 20 low-intermediate-level and 14 high-intermediate-level students undertaking an intensive Japanese-language program in the United States. Using two conversation tasks, I made a comparison of how the frequency of focus-on-form incidents differed with the three measures. I found that each measure resulted in a different number of focus-on-form incidents. Regardless of the students' ability level, LREs produced the greatest number of focus-on-form incidents. Negotiation of meaning has been utilized as a measure for focus-on-form incidents in many task studies; however, it extracted hardly any focus-on-form incidents in the present investigation.
Keywords
意味交渉
訂正フィードバック
Language Related Episode
タスク
NDC
Education [ 370 ]
Language
jpn
Resource Type departmental bulletin paper
Publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科日本語教育学講座
Date of Issued 2015-03-25
Rights
Copyright (c) 2015 広島大学大学院教育学研究科日本語教育学講座
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access
Source Identifier
[ISSN] 1347-7226
[NCID] AA11531831