シャドーイング遂行を促進する最適な事前課題 : 事前課題の感覚モダリティと試行数に焦点を当てて

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Title ( jpn )
シャドーイング遂行を促進する最適な事前課題 : 事前課題の感覚モダリティと試行数に焦点を当てて
Title ( eng )
What is the Most Effective Pre-task to Facilitate Shadowing Performance?: Focus on sensory modality of pre-task and repetition trials
Creator
Irie Risako
Zhang Hefeng
Tang Ran
Source Title
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科紀要. 教育学研究
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University. Studies in education
Issue 3
Start Page 242
End Page 250
Journal Identifire
[ISSN] 2436-0333
[NCID] AA12909086
Abstract
In this study, we examined efficient shadowing methods for advanced class of Chinese learners of Japanese in terms of pre-task and number of trials. Two factors were set up as independent variables. The first factor was the sensory modality in presentation of the pre-task, consisting of visual or auditory presentation. The second factor was the number of shadowing trials, with three levels: one, two, and three trials. As the pre-tasks, participants were instructed to read Japanese sentences with “whispering-to-oneself" when being presented visually (visual pre-task) or listen to Japanese sentences when being presented auditorily (auditory pre-task). After doing the pre-tasks, the participants shadowed the same Japanese sentences three times, and were asked to orally recall the sentences at the end of shadowing. Fluency and accuracy of Japanese sentences in both shadowing and oral recall were adopted as dependent variables. The results showed that visual pre-task improved oral recall performance after shadowing more than auditory pre-task. It was also suggested that shadowing fluency improved after three trials of shadowing. The visual pre-task may enhance both phonological and semantic memory of the shadowing material, resulting in better playback performance. Based on these findings, the visual pre-task followed by three shadowing sessions may be one of the most effective learning methods of Japanese sentences for advanced class of Chinese learners of Japanese.
Keywords
Shadowing
visual presentation
auditory presentation
repetition trials
シャドーイング
視覚呈示
聴覚呈示
試行数
Language
jpn
Resource Type departmental bulletin paper
Publisher
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科
Date of Issued 2022-12-23
Rights
Copyright (c) 2022 人間社会科学研究科
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access
Source Identifier
[ISSN] 2436-0333
[NCID] AA12909086