中国語を母語とする上級日本語学習者のリピーティング遂行成績に影響を与える要因 : 作動記憶容量と試行数の観点から

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Title ( jpn )
中国語を母語とする上級日本語学習者のリピーティング遂行成績に影響を与える要因 : 作動記憶容量と試行数の観点から
Title ( eng )
Factors Influencing Repeating Performance for Advanced Chinese Learners of Japanese: Working memory capacity and repetition trials
Creator
Li Jiayang
Shao Yuncai
Tang Ran
Ohkuma Moe
Source Title
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科紀要. 教育学研究
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University. Studies in education
Issue 2
Start Page 250
End Page 259
Journal Identifire
[ISSN] 2436-0333
[NCID] AA12909086
Abstract
In this study, we investigated the effects of repetition trials and working memory (WM) capacity on performance when Chinese advanced Japanese learners repeated Japanese sentences. We found that four repetition trials were sufficient to improve the rate of morpheme reproduction, and three repetition trials were sufficient to improve the rate of idea unit reproduction. Learners are more likely to deepen their understanding of the sentence as the number of trials increases. Multiple repetitions also promote the connection between the meaning and the form. We also clarified that successful repetition exercises required participants with high WM capacity to repeat the sentence up to two times and for those with low WM capacity up to three or four times. Additionally, we found that there was no difference in reaction time, and there was a tendency for learners to produce utterances immediately after listening. Furthermore, in terms of fluency, four times were sufficient to improve the oral fluency, but regardless of trials, the high WM capacity group performed better than the low WM capacity group. Even if both groups were completely comprehensible, the chunks used at the time of oral reproduction may be different. We recommend that efficient learning requires learners of Japanese to repeat the same sentence and control the number of exercises according to WM capacity.
Keywords
repeating
working memory capacity
repetition trials
リピーティング
作動記憶容量
試行数
Language
jpn
Resource Type departmental bulletin paper
Publisher
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科
Date of Issued 2021-12-23
Rights
Copyright (c) 2021 人間社会科学研究科
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access
Source Identifier
[ISSN] 2436-0333
[NCID] AA12909086