日本語と韓国語の結果状態形の使用基準の違い

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Title ( jpn )
日本語と韓国語の結果状態形の使用基準の違い
Title ( eng )
The Comparison of the Resultant-State Verb Forms in Japanese and Korean
Creator
Source Title
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
Issue 66
Start Page 185
End Page 194
Abstract
This study examines the principles on which the resultant-state verb forms are used in Japanese and Korean. The past tense and resultant-state forms of verb in a collection of Korean-Japanese bilingual scenarios were analyzed in order to find out the correspondence between Japanese –teiru, and Korean past and resultant-state forms. The results showed the resultant-state form is used in both languages under the following conditions: 1) when the speaker wants to convey that “it is p” to the hearer, who thinks that “it is not p but q”; 2) when the speaker conveys the information “p” which is unknown to the hearer; and 3) when the speaker expresses the result of a change of state he/she has just observed, and this change was unexpected: that is, the speaker expects the state to be p. but it is q and ‒p. However, the past tense form is used for –teiru in Korean if there is no discrepancy between the speaker’s expectation and the fact he/she has just discovered. The Japanese resultant-state form is used when “there is no understanding of moment of change or the state before and after change” (Inoue et al. 2002), irrespective of whether there is deviation of recognition or not. However, it can be concluded that the resultant-state form in Korean is used when there is “a deviation between the speaker’s recognition and hearer’s recognition (or the state in front of his/her eyes)”.
Keywords
contrastive study of Japanese and Korean
past tense form
resultant-state form
criteria for the usage
deviation of recognition
日韓対照研究
過去形
結果状態形
使用基準
認識のずれ
NDC
Japanese [ 810 ]
Chinese [ 820 ]
Language
jpn
Resource Type departmental bulletin paper
Publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
Date of Issued 2017-12-22
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access
Source Identifier
[ISSN] 1346-5554
[NCID] AA11618725