中国における保育の現状

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Title ( jpn )
中国における保育の現状
Title ( eng )
The Current Situation of Child Care in China
Creator
Zhang Yuqing
Source Title
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
Issue 62
Start Page 89
End Page 95
Abstract
China, the education of 0-6 years old is called preschool education, including the nursery conservation of 0-3 years old and the kindergarten education of 3-6 years old. With the Market-Oriented Reforms of China's Enterprises in the 1990s, preschool education has also changed. When the system of state-owned enterprises has been reformed, some corporate well-being kindergartens disappeared. In order to satisfy the needs of childcare from parents, a large amount of private kindergartens have been established. However, there are some problems of preschool education. On the subject of imbalance development of kindergarten problems, this paper divides China into 4 areas to analyze the gross enrollment rate, the number of children per teacher, the rate of professional teacher and expenses from GDP budget for education. In addition, some social problems such as "difficult to kindergarten", "cost so much to kindergarten" in urban areas have also appeared. This paper will analyze the problem of preschool education in China and recommends measures to solve these problems.
Keywords
child care
preschool education
kindergarten
保育
学前保育
幼児園
NDC
Education [ 370 ]
Language
jpn
Resource Type departmental bulletin paper
Publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
Date of Issued 2013-12-20
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access
Source Identifier
[ISSN] 1346-5554
[NCID] AA11618725