認知的流動性を育てる中学校国語科授業の試み : 「《似てる》の力」によって知的「跳躍」をいざなう

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Title ( jpn )
認知的流動性を育てる中学校国語科授業の試み : 「《似てる》の力」によって知的「跳躍」をいざなう
Title ( eng )
An Experiment to Develop “Cognitive Fluidity" in Japanese Class at Junior High School : Bringing out the intellectual leap through “Sensing Similarities"
Creator
Saito Takahiko
Source Title
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
Issue 61
Start Page 113
End Page 122
Abstract
We propose that students should develop “the ability to learn by focusing on similarities." “The ability to learn by focusing on similarities" is the potential to find similar elements among different things, situations, or phenomena, and then to associate or analogize them with each another. This skill enables us to apply the knowledge developed in a certain genre to another one, thereby leading to “cognitive fluidity" and “bricoleur."

In this case study, we showed students some pictures of lunch dishes and a washbasin one by one, and finally had them determine the similarities between the pictures and a human face. By extracting certain elements and ignoring others, students experienced how to recognize the objects in which they found “similarities." Through a simplified activity, students came to be aware of “finding similarities."
Keywords
cognitive fluidity
similarity
analogy
metaphor,bricoleur
認知的流動性
類似
類推
比喩
ブリコルール
NDC
Education [ 370 ]
Language
jpn
Resource Type departmental bulletin paper
Publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
Date of Issued 2012-12-21
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access
Source Identifier
[ISSN] 1346-5554
[NCID] AA11618725