A behavioral science framework for understanding kawaii

Proceedings of The Third International Workshop on Kansei Page 80-83 published_at 2010-02-22
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Title ( eng )
A behavioral science framework for understanding kawaii
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Source Title
Proceedings of The Third International Workshop on Kansei
Start Page 80
End Page 83
Abstract
Kawaii is a key concept that characterizes modern Japanese culture. It is often translated into English as “cute," but asubtle difference of nuance exists between the two words. Although many books and articles have been published onthis subject, these discussions are mostly limited to the fields of humanities and sociology. In this paper, I put forward aframework for research on kawaii from a behavioral science perspective. First, I provide an overview of kawaii,including a summary of its dictionary meaning, history, and current usage. Then, I report the results of three surveys ofJapanese university students about their attitudes toward the word kawaii and kawaii things. Based on these findingsand past research, I propose a two-layer model of kawaii. This model postulates that the basis of kawaii is a positiveemotion related to the social motivation of protecting and nurturing others, which originally stems from affectiontoward babies and infants. It also assumes that this culture-independent, biological trait has been amplified by certaincharacteristics of Japanese culture. I conclude by discussing future directions for behavioral science research of kawaii.
Keywords
cuteness
emotion
cognition
baby schema
cultural differences
Descriptions
The Third International Workshop on Kansei; February 22 and 23, 2010; Seminar room 1 & 2, ACROSS Fukuoka, Fukuoka-city, Japan
NDC
Psychology [ 140 ]
Language
eng
Resource Type conference paper
Publisher
Editorial comittee of the third international workshop on Kansei
Date of Issued 2010-02-22
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access
Source Identifier
[URI] http://psycho.hes.kyushu-u.ac.jp/~lab_miura/Kansei/ws2010/