野生動物の生命はどれほど重要か : 動物権利論の射程とその限界

HABITUS Volume 28 Page 218-245 published_at 2024-03-20
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Title ( jpn )
野生動物の生命はどれほど重要か : 動物権利論の射程とその限界
Title ( eng )
How Important are The Lives of Wild Animals: The Range of Animal Rights Theory and Its Limitations
Creator
Morikuni Yui
Source Title
HABITUS
Volume 28
Start Page 218
End Page 245
Number of Pages 28
Journal Identifire
[PISSN] 2186-7909
[NCID] AA12942536
Abstract
Conventional animal ethics, as represented by Peter Singer and Tom Regan, have argued for ethical concern for animals using criteria derived from specific capacities. However, some individuals find the implications of certain animal ethics troubling, particularly the arguments from marginal cases that could extend moral consideration to vulnerable human populations as well. Additionally, the substantial obligations these frameworks impose on our interactions with wild animals can be overwhelming or unrealistic. Wild animal suffering itself is an accepted fact, but the conclusion that we have the same obligations to wild animals as to domesticated animals is unacceptable. Therefore, I will explain the validity of a relationship-based animal ethic, referring to Claire Palmer's argument, as something that overcomes the competence-based animal ethics. This theory explains how the relationship between humans and animals makes a difference in human obligations. By incorporating this, we can rationally explain the differences in ethical considerations for wild and domestic animals and build an effective animal ethic. While acknowledging the merits of Palmer's theory, this paper identifies certain shortcomings and proposes a refined standard of duty that emphasizes a more specific relationship.
Language
jpn
Resource Type journal article
Publisher
西日本応用倫理学研究会
Date of Issued 2024-03-20
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access