シュタイナー教育の基盤にある自己認識の理論

HABITUS Volume 28 Page 17-34 published_at 2024-03-20
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Title ( jpn )
シュタイナー教育の基盤にある自己認識の理論
Title ( eng )
The theory of self-awareness underlying Steiner education
Creator
Source Title
HABITUS
Volume 28
Start Page 17
End Page 34
Number of Pages 18
Journal Identifire
[PISSN] 2186-7909
[NCID] AA12942536
Abstract
Know yourself(γνῶθι σεαυτόν:gnothi seauton).
This word, as is well known, refers to one of the proverbs dedicated to the temple of Delphi by Ancient Greek philosophers. From these words, we can receive the message, “If you want to know the true nature of things, first, look inside your own heart, watch with the mind's eye, and think.”
This paper focuses on Rudolf Steiner's work, “Truth and Science: Prelude to a Philosophy of Freedom” (“Wahrheit und Wissenschaft: Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Freiheit”, Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1892), making self-introspection an important practical issue in cognition, and aims to clarify the thought structure of the epistemology.
Specifically, how Steiner faced the Kantian dualism of cognition and existence that was dominant at the time, how he overcame it, and how he developed his own original expression was revealed.
It was thought that complete reality would be revealed only when this newly created realm was connected to the world given to our senses. Steiner thinks that it is an inseparable impulse for human nature to explore the deep essence of things, and as Kant says, that there is no basis for seeking this origin outside of the sensory and spiritual world given to us. In other words, Steiner questioned the view of things-in-themselves, and divisions such as the phenomenal world and the noumenal world, the particular and the universal, the subjective and the objective, the individual and the holism, the experience and things beyond experience.
Based on this, he proposes a theory of creative subject transformation that centers on the ego and thinking. He believes that complete reality would only be revealed when this newly created realm is combined with our senses. In this sense, we human beings are positioned as co-creators who are actively involved in the world.
Language
jpn
Resource Type journal article
Publisher
西日本応用倫理学研究会
Date of Issued 2024-03-20
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access