中国人中級日本語学習者における日本語文のディクテーション時の音韻保持と意味処理 : 作動記憶容量と音韻的短期記憶容量を設定した実験的検討

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Title ( jpn )
中国人中級日本語学習者における日本語文のディクテーション時の音韻保持と意味処理 : 作動記憶容量と音韻的短期記憶容量を設定した実験的検討
Title ( eng )
Phonological Retention and Semantic Processing during Dictation of Japanese Sentences in an Intermediate Class of Chinese Students Learning Japanese: An experimental study of setting working memory capacity and phonological short-term memory capacity
Creator
Shao Yuncai
Source Title
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科紀要. 教育学研究
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University. Studies in education
Issue 4
Start Page 237
End Page 246
Number of Pages 10
Journal Identifire
[ISSN] 2436-0333
[NCID] AA12909086
Abstract
This study was carried out to examine the aspects of phonological retention and semantic processing during dictation of Japanese sentences by an intermediate class of Chinese students learning Japanese. In an experiment, learners’ cognitive abilities, working memory (WM) capacity and phonological short-term memory (PSTM) capacity, were set as individual factors. The results showed that: (a) Learners with larger WM capacity perform phonological retention and semantic processing of input speech information almost simultaneously, so that their reproduction based on the semantic representations formed after accessing the semantic representations, while learners with smaller WM capacity immediately reproduced the first information they perceive, so that they rely on the phonological information they have retained, (b) Regardless of the size of PSTM capacity, reproduction starts after access to the perception and morphological representation of the input speech information. but at that time, learners with larger PSTM capacity retain phonology in chunks while paying attention to the connection between words, while learners with smaller PSTM capacity retain phonology in individual word units, (c) Regardless of the size of WM capacity and PSTM capacity, “editing” is done at the reproduction stage through phonology retention and semantic processing, so it was suggested that the longer the unit of phonological and semantic information that can be retained and processed at the listening comprehension stage, the easier it is to understand the meaning of the sentence.
Keywords
dictation
working memory capacity
phonological short-term memory capacity
an intermediate class of Chinese students learning Japanese
ディクテーション
作動記憶容量
音韻的短期記憶容量
中国人中級日本語学習者
Descriptions
本稿は,第33回第二言語習得研究会(JASLA)大会でのポスター発表の内容を加筆・修正したものである。
Language
jpn
Resource Type departmental bulletin paper
Publisher
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University
Date of Issued 2023-12-22
Rights
Copyright © 2023 人間社会科学研究科
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access