英語の音声単語認知におけるトップダウン処理 : 熟達度およびリスニング方略指向性の関係から

広島外国語教育研究 Issue 26 Page 181-192 published_at 2023-03-01
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Title ( jpn )
英語の音声単語認知におけるトップダウン処理 : 熟達度およびリスニング方略指向性の関係から
Title ( eng )
Top-down Effects on Oral English Word Recognition: Relationships With Proficiency and Listening Strategy Orientation
Creator
Source Title
広島外国語教育研究
Hiroshima Studies in Language and Language Education
Issue 26
Start Page 181
End Page 192
Journal Identifire
[PISSN] 1347-0892
[NCID] AA11424332
Abstract
This study aimed to identify the effects of top-down processing on learners of English through the relationship with proficiency and listening strategy orientation. Specifically, it explored the results of Yamauchi’s (2022) case study with a larger sample. Previous studies obtained inconsistent findings about the effects of top-down processing on a foreign language listening learner’s word recognition task. Additionally, the relationship between the top-down processing and the learners’ orientation toward strategy use has not been thoroughly examined. The participants were 334 first-year university students. They responded to the English listening strategy scale (Goto & Yamauchi, 2016) as well as the word recognition task developed by Field (2004) and prepared by Yamauchi et al. (2016). In the word recognition task, the participants typed only the last words of a dictated series of word sets, some of which included meaningful connections between the words. Findings indicated that the participants with lower and higher proficiency levels tended to recognize the target words correctly. In contrast, more middle proficiency level learners answered the task with substituted words triggered by preceding contextual words. The Markov chain Monte Carlo methods showed that the English proficiency and orientation toward strategies utilizing grammatical knowledge affected the use of substituted words. The present results did not replicate Yamauchi’s (2022) finding that the participants who had an orientation toward strategies using background knowledge tended to answer the task with substituted words. It suggested the need for experiments with a broader range of proficiency levels. Future studies might examine the top-down effects of more practical listening comprehension tasks with larger contextual information to obtain additional helpful information.
Descriptions
本研究はJSPS科研費17K13516,20H01284の助成を受けたものです。
Language
jpn
Resource Type departmental bulletin paper
Publisher
広島大学外国語教育研究センター
Date of Issued 2023-03-01
Rights
Copyright (c) 2023 広島大学外国語教育研究センター
Publish Type Version of Record
Access Rights open access
Source Identifier
[ISSN] 1347-0892
[NCID] AA11424332