音楽教育における音楽の解釈に関する研究 : 現代の音楽経験にみる知識の構築の検討から
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Research on the Interpretation of Music in Music Education: Consideration of Increasing Knowledge in Modern Music Experience
In most contemporary societies, music can be heard easily at any time, and modern music education has increased the accessibility of musical experience. A current priority in the field of music is to increase the depth of musical experience (interpretation) beyond the sensory experience of music, which is already practiced on a daily basis. This process includes learning about the objective characteristics of music itself, requiring not only sensory musical experience but also experience in the interpretation of music. To this end, it is important to learn the objective elements of music, as factual knowledge. Specifically, this knowledge includes the structure of the target music itself and the historical era of its style. If music is considered to be analogous to spoken language, learning the structure of music can enable an understanding of the story behind the music. Moreover, understanding the stylistic era of music enables a listener to understand the composition style of the composer. Contemporary entertainment commonly incorporates a elements of Western music created in the past and music created in the present day. Western music is considered particularly suitable for education about the interpretation of music. While Western music was composed in various eras, the music itself was subjected to criticism in each time period. Thus, for many people, Western music is a relatively ubiquitous component of life, and music in entertainment is inherently important for fostering a sense of spontaneous fun. However, entertainment music is not appropriate for the purpose of gaining insight into music itself. Overall, the experience of music is typically meaningful for humans, providing people with opportunities to spend time by themselves. When these experiences are accompanied by interpretation, music can be understood more deeply, and can once again become a constituent element of life in modern society. Thus, meaningful musical experience, beyond sensory music experience, involves experience through interpretation.