Nuclear membrane protein Lem2 regulates nuclear size through membrane flow
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The size of the membrane-bound nucleus scales with cell size in a wide range of cell types but the mechanisms determining overall nuclear size remain largely unknown. Here we investigate the role of fission yeast inner nuclear membrane proteins in determining nuclear size, and propose that the Lap2-Emerin-Man1 domain protein Lem2 acts as a barrier to membrane flow between the nucleus and other parts of the cellular membrane system. Lem2 deletion increases membrane flow into and out of the nuclear envelope in response to changes in membrane synthesis and nucleocytoplasmic transport, altering nuclear size. The endoplasmic reticulum protein Lnp1 acts as a secondary barrier to membrane flow, functionally compensating for lack of Lem2. We propose that this is part of the mechanism that maintains nuclear size proportional to cellular membrane content and thus to cell size. Similar regulatory principles may apply to other organelles in the eukaryotic subcellular membrane network.
This work was supported by the Francis Crick Institute [www.crick.ac.uk] (to P.N.), which receives its core funding from Cancer Research UK (FC01121), the UK Medical Research Council (FC01121), and the Wellcome Trust (FC01121). This work was also supported by the Wellcome Trust [grant number 093917] [www.wellcome.ac.uk] (to P.N.), JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowships for Research Abroad (to K.K.), JSPS KAKENHI [grants JP26660089 and 17K07756] [http://www.jsps.go.jp/j-grantsinaid/index.html] (to K.K.), JSPS Program for Advancing Strategic International Networks to Accelerate the Circulation of Talented Researchers (S2902) (to K.K.), the Hiroshima University Education and Research Support Foundation (to K.K.), the Breast Cancer Research Foundation (to P.N.) and The Lord Leonard and Lady Estelle Wolfson Foundation [www.lordandladywolfson.org.uk] (to P.N.).
Supplementary Information accompanies this paper at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09623-x.
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Kume, K., Cantwell, H., Burrell, A. et al. Nuclear membrane protein Lem2 regulates nuclear size through membrane flow. Nat Commun 10, 1871 (2019).