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ID 41338
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On the Spawning Clusters of the File-fish Navodon modestus in the Seto Inland Sea
著者
角田 俊平
NDC
水産業
抄録
瀬戸内海の沿岸水域に毎年,4月から6月までの間に来遊するウマヅラハギ産卵群の体長組成と年令組成を明らかにするために,1965年,'72年,'73年および'76年の漁獲物の標本について,外観的に雌雄を判別し,各個体の体長を測定して次の結果を得た。

1) 産卵群の体長については,1965年の標本は雌雄ともに16-33cmで,モードは雌が25.5㎝,雄が26.5㎝であった。'72年の標本は雌雄ともに16-31 cmで,モードは雌が23.5 cm,雄が20.5 cmであった。’73年の標本は雌が17-30㎝でモードが21.5 cm,雄は16-31 cmでモードが23.5㎝であった。そして’76年の標本は雌が16-25㎝でモードが22.5㎝,雄は16-26㎝でモードが22.0 cmであった。

2) 産卵群の年令組成については,1965年の標本は雌では1年魚が3%,2年魚が30%,3年魚が67%を占め,雄では順に3%,31%,66%であった。'72年の標本では1年魚,2年魚,3年魚の順に8%,62%,30%であり,雄では11%,67%,22%であった。'73年の標本の雌については同じく,2%,73%,25%であり,雄では3%,73%,24%であった。そして'76年の標本は雌では1年魚が15%,2年魚が85%であり,雄は1年魚が17%,2年魚が83%であった。

3) 産卵群の体長組成を雌雄別に,瀬戸内海の中部海域と西部海域との間で比較したところ,統計学的には雌雄とも有意の差は認められなかった。
抄録(英)
The file-fish, Navodon modestus (GÜNTHER), has always been a fish of common commercial value in the Seto Inland Sea, but nowadays the annual catch of this species shows a considerably sharp fluctuation. Though the commercial catch of the file-fish is done with various kinds of fishing gear, almost all the spawning clusters of them have been caught by the Masu-ami (a small set net) or the Tate-ami (a triple gill net) from the latter part of April to June.

Many specimens sampled from the catches of the Masu-ami and the Tate-ami in 1965, '72, '73 and '76 on the spawning clusters of the file-fish in the Seto Inland Sea could be distinguished into female and male by their appearance (Table 1, Fig. 1, 2). Immediately their standard length was measured. On the whole, the minimum size of the file-fish that had formed the spawning clusters was 16cm in standard length in both of the female and the male, but the maximum size differed with years and was slightly over 30cm except 1976 (Fig. 3-6).

The age composition of the sample of the spawning cluster was estimated from the frequency distribution of the standard length by employing HARDING's method and using the probability paper (Fig. 7. 8). As the result of 1965, the spawning cluster consisted of III-age group which occupied 67%; II-age group 30% and I-age group 3% in the female, and in the male III-age group 66%, II-age group 31% and I-age group 3% (Fig. 9).

The age composition of the spawning clusters of 1972 and '73 was really contrasting to that of 1965. Namely, in the case of 1972, for the female III-age group was 30%, II-age group 62% and I-age group 8%, while for the male, III-age group was 22%, II-age group 67% and I-age group 11%. And in case of 1973, for the female III-age group was 25%, II-age group 73% and I-age group 2%, and for the male III-age group 24%, II-age group 73% and I-age group 3% (Fig. 9). Though the sample of 1976 was only one and the sample specimens were few compared with those of 1965, '72 and '73, the spawning cluster of 1976 consisted of only two age groups of I- and II-age; in the female II-age group 85% and I-age group 15%, and in the male II-age group 83% and I-age group 17% (Fig. 9). It may be laid down as a general rule that the spawning cluster of the file-fish is composed of a part of the I-age group and the whole of II- and III-age group.

The frequency distribution of the standard length was compared between the spawning cluster caught in the central region and one in the western region of the Sea by sexes as the samples of 1972 (Fig. 10). The difference between two regions was statistically non-significant.
掲載誌名
広島大学水畜産学部紀要
17巻
2号
開始ページ
165
終了ページ
173
出版年月日
1978-12-25
出版者
広島大学水畜産学部
ISSN
0440-8756
NCID
NAID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
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application/pdf
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publisher
部局名
生物圏科学研究科
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