ネパール農村におけるリプロダクティブ・ヘルス・ライツの研究 : チャンピVDC, ワード3, 8の事例から <研究ノート>
JIDC_17-1_167.pdf 872 KB
A study on reproductive health/rights in Nepal rural area through the case of Chhampi VDC ward 3 and 8 <Research Note>
The purpose of this thesis is to study reproductive health /rights in Nepal rural area, through the case of Chhampi VDC, word 3 and 8.
Reproductive health/rights is defined as "A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and...not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system. People are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when, and how often to do so.
There is a big difference between industrialized countries and developing countries on this matter. For example, in Niger 1 out of 7 women die from obstetric related diseases and complications. In Ireland only 1 out of 48,000.
In the research field under5 children death rate, frequency of getting pregnant and premature or still birth decreased.. Deliveries at .hospital increased. But in this area women suffer from inequality between men and women. Contraception is done by women's burden of tubal ligation. Some women suffer from husbands' violence and polygamy. Decision making on important family matters is done by men. Women have to work harder than men. So in such a situation women cannot have reproductive rights.
Conclusion: reproductive health is possible when contraception is available, family cash income is increased, community infrastructures are strong. However reproductive rights cannot obtained until women are empowered and willing to fight for them