確立・興隆期における〈近畿型〉地主制の諸特質 : 備後福山地方を事例として
SigakuKenkyu_149_26.pdf 1.4 MB
Some Characteristics of "Kinki Area Type" Landowner System in the Stages of Its Establishment and Rise : on the basis of the example of the Bingo Fukuyama region
This paper is an attempt to investigate the way the "Kinki Area Type" Landowner System was established, through historical analyses of the Ishii and Nobuoka, the big landowners, in the Bingo Fukuyama region. There are two most important points in that process of its establishment; one is the stabilizing of the tenant operation, with side jobs, and the other is the investment of farm rent in shares. These condition came into being through the course of the industrial rise—the opening of the industrial revolution in Japan—in the final decade of the nineteenth century.
In the stage of the Rise of this system, tenants accumulated their energy as small scale producers of farm commodities against the landowners by doing side jobs, and went so far as to start tennancy disputes.
And in the same stage, big landowners came into invest more in central shares than in local shares.