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A short-term longitudinal study of relational aggression and social skills of preschool children
This short-term longitudinal study was designed to examine relational aggression associated with social skills and anxiety-withdrawn behavior of preschool children. Relational aggression, social skills (self-control skills, friendship making skills, and assertion skills), and anxiety-withdrawn behavior of one hundred and twenty 5-year old children were assessed two times across a 6-months period by using teacher rating measures. For the data analysis, the children were divided according to their first and second relational aggression scores into 4 groups: high-high, low-low, high-low, and low-high. The high-low group (i.e., composed of children who decreased the manifestation of relational aggression) increased self-control skills and decreased anxiety-withdrawn behavior. On the other hand, the low-high group (i.e., composed of children who increased the manifestation of relational aggression) relatively decreased self-control skills and increased anxiety-withdrawn behavior. These findings suggest that relational aggression and self-control skills are inversely related and point to the possibility that the teaching of self-control skills could contribute to the decrease of relational aggression. Furthermore, assessment of relational aggression may play an important role in the early detection of children's adjustment difficulties.
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第三部, 教育人間科学関連領域