幼児の共感のタイプと向社会性との関連 : 同情と個人的苦痛の観点から
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Relationship Between Empathic Distress and Prosocial Behavior in Preschool Children
The present study examined the relation between empathic distress and prosociality in preschool children. Thirty-four 5-year-old children evaluated their sympathy and personal distress on the empathic distress. They evaluated one's prosociality and their classmate's prosociality in their classroom. For the data analysis, the children were divided according to their scores on sympathy and personal distress into 3 types of empathic distress :type of high-high, type of sympathetic, and type of low-low. The children who were high on both measures, that is, who felt more sympathy and more personal distress, evaluated themselves prosociality than did other children. The classmates judged the children who were high on the other measure, that is, who felt more sympathy and less personal distress, as less prosociality than did type of high-high. These results suggests that it is a important concept in prosociality in preschool children.
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第三部, 教育人間科学関連領域