第三世界の民主化にかんする一考察 : 世界システムと社会運動との接点から
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Democratization in the third world : From the world-system and social movement perspective
The 1980s has been a decade of rapidly accelerating democratization in the Third World. Developing countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America provide examples of a frend towards the emergence of formal constitutional democracies based on comparatively honest and open selections, active party competition and a relatively uncensored press. The change from the 1960's and 1970's has been dramatic, for all nations of the South were ruled by military men for some, if not all, of that period. This articles explores inherent dynamism of the democratization process in the Third World, with paticular focus on the peoples and workers movement. A linkage is seen between the World-System and these social movements, whose characteristics depend to a large extent on the prominence of the urbanization of primary city of the Third World. The role of cities in both capital accumulation and the genaration of dependence, structural inequality, and poverty is part of the lager hisitory of the unequal relations existing within and between societies. Here it plays a central role, the study of which helps us to understand the great variety and diverse dimensions of inequality. The purpose of this paper is to derive the above trajectories that resulted in the present conditions by examining the post independence development in the union-city-state-capital matrix in the Third World industries. The prospects for sustained democratic development in the Third World are being seriously eroded by ongoing crises of representation, rationality, and mediation in the party system. This paper discribes a significant process of democratization which has no Europiean counterpart.