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ID 14118
本文ファイル
著者
Tamaoka, Katsuo
Altmann, Gabriel
キーワード
mathematical modelling
kanji strokes
kanji frequency
lexical compositional asymmetry
multiple readings
regressive compounding
self-regulation cycle
NDC
日本語
抄録(英)
The present study investigates the relationship between of Japanese kanji strokes and their printed-frequencies of occurrence, compositional asymmetry and kanji multiple readings. First, distributions of kanji strokes in both samples of the 1,945 basic kanji and of 6,355 kanji appearing in the Asashi Newspaper published between 1985 and 1998 followed a negative hypergeometric distribution as demonstrated by Figure 1. The distribution of strokes of the 1,945 kanji with their printed-frequencies is rather rhapsodic, as shown in Figure 2, but a rough-fitting model is drawn in Figure 3. Mathematical modelling for kanji strokes with lexical compositional asymmetry reveals the interesting tendency of regressive compounding; that is, that the greater the number of strokes in a kanji, the more it tends to produce two-kanji compound words by adding a kanji on the right side of the target kanji, as shown in Figure 4. A kanji may often have multiple readings; this study also examines the number of readings in relation to the number of kanji strokes. As shown in Figure 6, the greater the number of kanji strokes, the fewer the number of readings. In other words, the more visually complex the kanji is, the more specialised its reading becomes. As such, kanji strokes, as one of the central characteristics of kanji, are closely related to other properties such as frequency, asymmetry and readings. The present study uses mathematical modelling to indicate these relations.
掲載誌名
Glottometrics
10巻
開始ページ
16
終了ページ
29
出版年月日
2005
出版者
RAM Verlag
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
Copyright (c) 2005 RAM Verlag
部局名
留学生センター