大学教員の意識に関するAge-Period-Cohort 分析 : 教育・研究志向を事例にして
DaigakuRonshu_54_153.pdf 1.84 MB
Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of Academic Professions’ Attitudes: A Case Study on their Education and Research Orientation
The purpose of this study is to explain the temporal changes in the attitudes of university faculty members in Japan from three aspects: age, period, and cohort. Many previous studies have examined whether the actual situation and consciousness of university faculty members have changed while the changing environment and surroundings in higher education. However, there is still a problem in interpreting all such changes as differences at the time of the survey, because it is impossible to deny the possibility that the actual conditions and attitudes of university teachers may have changed due to factors other than differences at the time of the survey. Therefore, this paper clarifies how teaching and research orientation changed from the three aspects of age, period, and cohort. As a result of the analysis, secondary changes were estimated as age effects, while there were no changes as period and cohort effects. In light of these results, it is suggested that what has been interpreted in previous studies as differences between the two surveys is, in fact, merely an accumulation of changes in the actual conditions and attitudes of university faculty due to changes in age.
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