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Literature Review of Competitive Funds for Japanese National and Private Universities Since the 2000s
This paper looks retroactively at competitive funds for national and private universities in Japan and clarifies the trend of competitive funds since the 2000s. Through this effort, it makes recommendations for current competitive funds policy. The findings of this paper can be summarized into two research themes: First, there must be focus on output of competitive funds for private universities by contrast with national ones. In addition, previous studies have been focused upon on research and management, but now focus on education is required. Second, we focus on university research grants in the future. These findings imply that an expectation for the progress of private university grants which is the output of education. The above suggestions for current competitive funds policy questions whether isomorphism is effective or not for development of education and research.
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