Land Use and Livelihood Change in a Mountain Village of Sri Lanka <Research Note>
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Globally, mountainous areas are rich in biodiversity. They are habitats of many species of plants and animals, and even people. One-tenth of the world’s population dwells in mountainous regions, and mountains contain useful resources such as water, timber, and minerals. However, mountains are also vulnerable eco-systems, and in recent years, they have faced serious environmental destruction. The term “vertical zonation structure” is often used to describe the environmental characteristics of mountain eco-systems. This vertical zonation structure frequently affects residents’ land-use patterns, which makes it useful for determining the locals’ livelihood. This study, which focuses on the mountain village P in Sri Lanka, researches changes in land-use patterns with respect to vertical zonation. Furthermore, changes in livelihoods will be discussed, including non-farm income.
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 17J40062.
Journal of Urban and Regional Studies on Contemporary India
The Center for Contemporary India Studies, Hiroshima University
(c) 2020 The Center for Contemporary India Studies, Hiroshima University