Genetic Analysis with Calcium-induced Calcium Release Test in Japanese Malignant Hyperthermia Susceptible (MHS) Families
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Some genetic studies have shown a linkage between malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) and chromosome 19q or the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1) gene. Some types of MHS seem to be caused by an abnormality of calcium-induced calcium release (CICR). We analyzed the linkage of RYR 1 gene polymorphisms in Japanese MHS families and investigated the correlation between genetic evidence of RYR1 gene mutations and an accelerated rate of CICR.
We studied 63 subjects who were referred to our institute for investigation of MHS. CICR rates were measured by the skinned fiber method in 23 subjects. DNA samples were collected from 63 individuals belonging to 22 unrelated families. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analyses on the RYR1 locus and hypervariable microsatellite analysis were performed.
We found one family with a linkage between acceleration of the CICR mechanism and a group of RFLPs. In CICR tests, ten of the 11 patients who had presented with fulminant MH showed accelerated rates of CICR. Analysis for the mutation C1840T, which was performed in 63 samples, did not demonstrate an alteration in any of the patients. Although we found heterozygotes in RFLP studies, we did not recognize a specific relationship between the acceleration of CICR and the RFLPs.
We suggest a linkage between the acceleration of CICR and an abnormal human RYR1 gene in MHS. These results also suggest that heterogeneity exists for MH. We conclude that genetic tests cannot replace CICR tests or caffeine-halothane contracture tests with muscle biopsy as a diagnosing test for MH in the near future.
This work was partly supported by grants-in-aid from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan (No.08407052: Osafumi Yuge, No.09771157: Yasuhiro Maehara) and by a research grant from the Labor Welfare Corporation of Japan.
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
Hiroshima University Medical Press