Transabdominal Approach for Spontaneous Oesophageal Perforation: A Review of Four Cases
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Spontaneous oesophageal perforation is an uncommon and life-threatening disease. Although several methods of treatment have been proposed, surgical treatment is considered the standard procedure. Primary repair using the transthoracic approach is the most common. However, few studies have evaluated the characteristics of the transabdominal approach. This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of spontaneous oesophageal perforation that was surgically treated using the transabdominal approach. We retrospectively reviewed all patients with spontaneous oesophageal perforation who were admitted to the surgical department of our institution between November 2010 and April 2017, and identified a total of four patients. Data including demographic factors (age and sex), location of perforation, time to operation, operative method, complications, length of hospital stay, and postoperative recovery were reviewed. In all four cases, we treated the defect using the transabdominal approach, which provides a good surgical field of view. The aims of operative intervention, namely primary repair and access for enteral feeding, can be achieved using this approach. The most commonly observed complication was pyothorax, and we suggest the addition of intrapleural drainage for its prevention. Dysgraphia was observed in two patients, which improved with conservative treatment. The overall mortality rate was 0%. Our results demonstrate that primary repair using the transabdominal approach is safe and effective for the management of spontaneous oesophageal perforation. Addition of intrapleural drainage can improve the outcome associated with this approach.
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
Hiroshima University Medical Press
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