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ID 35016
本文ファイル
著者
Sato, Goro
Yoshimura, Shinpei
キーワード
Aripiprazole
Neurocognitive functioning
Randomized crossover trial
Schizophrenia
NDC
医学
抄録(英)
Aripiprazole is a D2 and D3 receptor partial agonist that is unlike other second generation antipsychotics. The effectiveness of aripiprazole with regard to neurocognitive function and its adverse effects is unclear. The present study evaluates the comparative efficacy, effects on neurocognitive function, and adverse effects of aripiprazole and risperidone in the treatment of hospitalized patients with schizophrenia. This double-blind, cross-over study included 23 patients with schizophrenia who were randomly assigned to be treated first with either aripiprazole or risperidone. After eight weeks on one medication, the patients were switched to the other medication for eight weeks. The patient assessment included the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), neurocognitive assessments, and adverse events including extrapyramidal symptoms, vital signs, electrocardiogram, and clinical laboratory tests. The study findings indicated that psychopathology assessed with the PANSS, extrapyramidal symptoms and other adverse effects did not differ between aripiprazole and risperidone for the subjects remaining in treatment. In the neurocognitive assessments, the score for disinhibition with aripiprazole was significantly lower than with risperidone (p<0.05). In addition, serum prolactin levels were significantly lower with aripiprazole (p<0.001). The treatment drop-out rate was higher for patients receiving aripiprazole than risperidone.
In comparing aripiprazole and risperidone, risperidone is better from the viewpoint of treatment continuation. On the other hand, some adverse effects, such as hyperprolactinemia and disinhibition, are less severe with aripiprazole. Thus, for certain applications, aripiprazole may be a beneficial new treatment option for schizophrenia.
掲載誌名
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
61巻
4号
開始ページ
75
終了ページ
83
出版年月日
2012-12
出版者
Hiroshima University Medical Press
ISSN
0018-2052
NCID
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
(c) Hiroshima University Medical Press.
部局名
医歯薬保健学研究科
医歯薬学総合研究科
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