Suspended particulate matter concentration in response to tidal hydrodynamics in a long mesotidal floodway
Acoustic Doppler current profiling
Suspended particulate matter
Single spectrum analysis
Spring-neap tidal oscillation
Analyses of seasonal data obtained using acoustic Doppler current profilers provide an understanding of the behavior of suspended particulate matter concentration (SPMC) toward different forcings in tide-controlled floodways. In this work, the relative contributions of external forcings on SPMC variability were quantified in a tidal river system using singular spectrum analysis (SSA). The main environmental features affecting SPMC were identified as i) spring-neap tidal oscillation, ii) the ebb/flood velocities, and iii) tidal straining. Large SPMC fluctuations occurred under strong mixing states and were directly related to the sediment resuspension stirred up by spring-neap tidal cycles (73.6%–81.9%) and ebb/flood velocities (9.6%–19.5%). On the seasonal scale, river discharge is the key variable explaining the downstream flushing and promoting the occurrence of a convergence zone at the floodway. Upstream from the floodway (greater than 4.8 km from the river mouth), the spring-neap tidal oscillation dominated the suspended particulate matter (SPM) mobility under low river discharge. Two interesting findings were revealed in this work: (i) the SPMC/SPM transport variation responses to tidal forcing (tidal asymmetry) were dominated and modified by river discharge and (ii) the effect of river discharge on the SPMC/SPM transport did not result in a uniform state along the floodway. It is believed that these findings provide further understanding of the dynamics of suspended sediments in shallow tidal systems.
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI grant number JP17H03313.
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
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