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ID 50508
著者
Inoue, Ryota
Kanezashi, Masakoto 大学院先進理工系科学研究科 広大研究者総覧
Nagasawa, Hiroki 大学院先進理工系科学研究科 広大研究者総覧
Yamamoto, Kazuki
Gunji, Takahiro
Tsuru, Toshinori 大学院先進理工系科学研究科 広大研究者総覧
キーワード
Organosilica
Membrane
Gas separation
Pore size
Activation energy
抄録(英)
Bis(triethoxysilyl)propane (BTESP) is a bridged-type organoalkoxysilane with a Si-C3H6-Si bond. It was utilized for membrane fabrication via a sol-gel method to achieve high permselectivity for large molecules. Membrane fabrication parameters such as the acid molar ratio (AR) in the sol and calcination temperature were evaluated for their effect on the network pore size and on gas permeation properties, as evaluated by the molecular size dependence (0.26–0.55 nm) and temperature dependence (50–200 °C) of gas permeance. BTESP membranes with different ARs (10−1, 100, and 10) showed H2/N2 and H2/CF4 selectivities of 20–30 and 640–32,000, respectively. As AR was increased, each gas permeance also increased, but H2 selectivity that corresponds to network pore size was decreased. FT-IR analysis indicated that the density of the Si-OH groups (Si-OH/Si-O-Si) of unfired gels was decreased with a higher AR, so that condensation of the Si-OH groups during the calcination process formed a dense network structure in the case of BTESP membranes with a low AR (10−1). Calcination temperature also affected the network structure of BTESP membranes. BTESP membranes calcined at different temperatures (350, 450, and 600 °C) showed H2/N2 and H2/CF4 selectivities of 10–30 and 410–32,000, respectively. A BTESP membrane calcined at high temperature (600 °C) showed loose networks since the linking units derived from BTESP were decomposed at temperatures above 500 °C, which resulted in the formation of methyl groups. In conclusion, the AR in a sol is suitable for tuning small pore sizes, while calcination temperature as a membrane fabrication parameter offers the advantage of controllability for loose network structures.
掲載誌名
Separation and Purification Technology
242巻
開始ページ
116742
出版年月日
2020-07-01
出版者
Elsevier
ISSN
1383-5866
出版者DOI
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
author
権利情報
© 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版ではありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認、ご利用ください。
関連情報URL
部局名
先進理工系科学研究科
備考
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