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ID 14865
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別タイトル
A study on 'The Education by Play' by Shozo Shimada at Seijo elementary school in the late 1920s
著者
NDC
教育
抄録(英)
This study aims to clarify parts that Shozo Shimada (1895-1960) played in the development of the theory and practice of physical education in Japan. This development implies application of the modern education priniples to physical education. Futhermore this study seeks to clarify that 'the education by play' by Shimada could be supported by most of teachers in the depressed late 1920s. Especially this study focuses on clarifying parts that the view of children by Shozo Shimada played in organising objectives, teaching materials and teaching methods of physical education. The results as follows ; 1)Shimada held his view of children based on John Dewey's child centerd educational thought. He thought of immaturity of children as existence of their human potential. So he recognized indispensability of children's self-activity in learning. However, he tended to regard the child development as spontaneous response. As a result, his idea had a risk of playing down the role of teachers' guidance in lessons. 2) Shimada introduced physical play as teaching materilas into schooling. This play was more intersting to children than gymnastics of physical training. But that play was selected out of recreation that children experienced in and out of shool. He didn't appreciate the significance of mutual relation between all experiences in and out of school. In belief, his study had a weak point in organizing the curriculum of physical education, because his study was lacking for paying attention to undernurished and unhealthy bodies of poor children in the late 1920s. 3) Shimada aimed to develop a companionship among classmates of Kusunoki Class through experience of physical play. This aim was introduced from Shimada's view of objectives of physical education. Through experience of several physical activities, he aimed to develop several human abilities in addition to physical growth and physical fittness. It requires further study to clarify the origin of Shimada's view of objectives of physical education.
掲載誌名
体育史研究
14巻
開始ページ
29
終了ページ
42
出版年月日
1997-03
出版者
日本体育学会
ISSN
0914-4730
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
sound
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
Copyright (c) 1997 日本体育学会
この論文の著作権は(社)日本体育学会に帰属します
部局名
教育学研究科