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ID 16159
本文ファイル
別タイトル
Problems in the evaluation of children's compositions in Japanese schools : Historical and theoretical considerations of criterion-referenced evaluation
著者
梶井 芳明
キーワード
学習指導要領
「書くこと」の目標の変遷
到達度評価
評価項目の妥当性・信頼性
評価観
Japanese National Standards
transition of Japanese writing objectives
criterionreferenced evaluation
validity and reliability of criteria for evaluating writing
use of criteria for evaluation
NDC
教育
抄録(英)
This paper discusses the changes of the objectives of the Japanese language education and Japanese writing in the Japanese National Standards after World War II and researches that examined the validity and reliability of the criteria for evaluating writing in the fields of Japanese language education and educational psychology. Results of the review show that objectives of the Japanese language education and Japanese writing have been changing. In the 1947-1968 Japanese National Standards, the objectives were activity-based, that is, developing children's speaking, listening, writing and reading skills. In 1977-1989, however, these objectives have changed to ability-based, focusing on the children's ability to express and understand. And in the New Japanese National Standards (1998), the objectives changed again to activity-based. Likewise, the system for evaluating children's compositions have also changed, that is, the criteria used for each grade level have been integrated, resulting in three sets of criteria; one each for low grade (Grades 1 and 2), middle grade (Grades 3 and 4), and high grade (Grades 5 and 6). Thus, teachers need to use the criteria more carefully, taking into consideration the actual grade level of the children. In terms of research, there is a need to clearly define the evaluation items and for the teachers to experience the use of these items in order to improve the validity and reliability of the evaluation of compositions.
掲載誌名
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第一部, 学習開発関連領域
51号
開始ページ
35
終了ページ
44
出版年月日
2003-03-28
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
国立情報学研究所
ISSN
1346-5546
NCID
SelfDOI
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
教育学研究科
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