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ID 48910
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Characteristics of Interaction Between Teachers and Children in the First Term of Elementary School Classes: Focusing on the Differences in Goals that Teachers Emphasize in Japanese Language and Mathematics Classes
著者
森 美智代
倉盛 美穂子
太田 直樹
キーワード
幼小接続
小学校入門期
到達目標
方向目標
学びの見取り
The transition from pre-school to elementary school education
Beginning of elementary school
Achievement goal
Direction target
Teachers’ understanding of children’s learning
抄録
近年,幼児期と児童期の学びの接続が重視されている。幼児教育では,めざすべき姿へと向かう方向目標を重視し,小学校以上の教育では獲得すべき能力を明示化した到達目標を重視することが多い。小学校入門期に開講時間が多い国語科と算数科では,方向目標と到達目標の比重は異なる。そこで,本研究では,小学校入門期の国語科と算数科授業における教師と子どもの相互作用の実態を明らかにすることを目的とした。
新1年生の国語科と算数科の授業を約4か月間観察し,教師の言葉がけと子どもの発話内容との関連を分析した。結果,子どもの状況に応じて展開する国語科に対し,算数科では多くが到達目標に向かうという違いが明らかになった。また,教師による方向目標に即した言葉がけは,到達目標を達成し,かつ子どもの多様な学びにつながる可能性があることがわかった。本稿は,指導の実態と教科内容の側面から,子どもの学びの姿を明らかにしたものである。
抄録(英)
Recent studies examine how a smooth transition can be achieved from early childhood education to elementary school education. In early childhood education, direction targets are emphasized, and in elementary school, achievement goals are often emphasized. In elementary school, there is a difference in the balance between the achievement goals and the direction targets in Japanese language classes and mathematics classes. The purpose of this study is to clarify the characteristics in the interaction between teachers and first graders in these two classes.
In this paper, we observed the Japanese language and mathematics classes for the first grade from April to July, and collected some episodes of the interactions between teachers and children. These episodes were categorized according to subjects into those that focused on achievement goals versus direction targets.
As a result, it was found that there was a difference in interactions between teachers and children depending on the subjects and the type of achievement goal or direction target. In Japanese language classes, the interaction between teachers and children develops toward the goal according to the situation of children, while in mathematics classes, the interaction often develops toward achievement goals. When teachers talked to children in a way that gave them directions, they were more likely to learn a variety of knowledge and skills as well as content related to their achievement goals. The primary aspect of this paper was to clarify what children were learning at the beginning of elementary school from the perspectives of teacher-child interaction and subject content.
掲載誌名
初等教育カリキュラム研究
8号
開始ページ
49
終了ページ
60
出版年月日
2020-03-31
出版者
初等教育カリキュラム学会
ISSN
2187-6800
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
Copyright (c) 2020 初等教育カリキュラム学会
部局名
教育学研究科
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