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ID 17358
本文ファイル
別タイトル
Economic Liberalization and Factory Workers in India : Based on the Interview Survey to the Workers in Gurgaon, National Capital Region of Delhi
著者
キーワード
経済自由化
工業化
労働市場
工場労働者
インド
NDC
地理・地誌・紀行
抄録(英)
In India, foreign direct investments have notably increased after the economic liberalization in 1991, and depending on it, rapid industrialization is now going on. The evaluation of such industrialization should be done from the employment side as well as production side. What kind of labor market is created by the industrialization ? How is it contributing to relaxation of the employment problem? The purpose of this paper is to clarify the characteristics of industrial labor market after the economic liberalization, based on the interview survey to factory workers in rapidly growing industrial area. The study area is Gurgaon district, Haryana state located in the suburb of the National Capital Region of Delhi. In this area, there is large agglomeration of automobile industries represented by Marti Udyog and Hero Honda. The results obtained were as follows. 1. Growing industrial production does not simply lead to increase of stable ""organized sector"" labor market and is tied to rapid expansion of instable and temporary labor market represented by the employment of casual workers. 2. The employment of casual workers is extremely inferior including a salary of low wage. However, it is quite easy for companies to collect such work force because of existence of enormous pool of unemployed work force in this area. 3. Generally casual workers in factories are employed by contractors, which boost instability of the employment. Factories are not responsible for the security of the employment of casual workers. 4. Because discharge is very difficult due to the strict labor law of India, increasing ratio of temporary employee brings an advantage for companies to cope with a fluctuations of production and to reduce the labor costs. But such a change in labor market may add to instability of Indian society.
掲載誌名
広島大学大学院文学研究科論集
64巻
開始ページ
77
終了ページ
94
出版年月日
2004-12-24
出版者
広島大学大学院文学研究科
国立情報学研究所
ISSN
1347-7013
NCID
SelfDOI
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
文学研究科
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