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The Success Story of a Sorcerer: Lucian’s Alexander, the False Prophet
著者
前野 弘志 大学院文学研究科 広大研究者総覧
キーワード
古代地中海世界
宗教
魔術師
魔術
呪詛板
医者
Ancient Mediterranean World
Religion
Sorcerer
Magic
Curse Tablet
Physician
NDC
その他の諸文学
抄録(英)
Lucian’s Alexander, the False Prophet, written at the end of the 2nd century, illustrates the life of a sorcerer who lived during the same era as the author. According to this work, the protagonist, Alexander, was born in the city of Abonoteichus on the south coast of the Black Sea. As a child, he became an apprentice to a sorcerer who called himself a public physician and learned how to prepare medicine and poison, besides learning sorcery. When he grew into a young man, his master passed away. He then went on a journey to train himself to work independently, found a like-minded young man on his travels, and made plans to start an oracle. He established an oracle with Glycon−the God with a human head and a serpent’s body−as its chief God. The oracle gained instant popularity, with its fame spreading as far as Rome, thereby enabling Alexander to become acquainted with senior officials and emperors of the time.
The existence of this so-called newly revived religion has been archaeologically proven. Furthermore, Lucian, a satirist, has been reappraised as a historian in recent years. His work, Alexander, the False Prophet, is regarded as a primary historical record of the religious history of the eastern Roman empire at the time. It portrays how the revival of a traditional religion (worship of Glycon), Christianity (newly emerged then), and Epicureanism (the long-established principles of philosophers), had conflicted in a three-way competition for their survival. This work was mainly chosen for the type of sorcerer depicted in it. These type of sorcerers possibly manufactured and sold curse tablets, and presumably called themselves public physicians. Another reason is this work also presents the four steps required for a sorcerer to become successful: He must become (1) an apprentice, (2) a traveling sorcerer, (3) an oracle manager, and (4) a retainer sorcerer to an influential person. These could also be the four types of sorcerers. Using this record, this short essay aims to create coordinates to classify sorcerers. Graphically, the vertical y-axis coordinate is labeled the distance to power and the horizontal x-axis coordinate is labeled the degree of mobility. These classifying coordinates will be effective for future categorization of various types of sorcerers who had existed in the ancient Mediterranean world. They will also be helpful in positioning the type of sorcerers who had manufactured and sold curse tablets, a matter that remains unclear. A clearer understanding of this subject will contribute to a comprehensive understanding of religion in the ancient Mediterranean region.
掲載誌名
広島大学大学院文学研究科論集
78巻
開始ページ
15
終了ページ
41
出版年月日
2018-12-25
出版者
広島大学大学院文学研究科
ISSN
1347-7013
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
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application/pdf
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publisher
部局名
文学研究科
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