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ID 35478
本文ファイル
別タイトル
The Development of Orthographic Knowledge of English Derivational Morphology by Japanese Learners of English
著者
NDC
教育
抄録(英)
The purpose of this study is to investigate Japanese learners' orthographic knowledge of English derivational morphology. When suffixes are attached to stems in order to form derived words, orthographical changes are often caused. For example, the final e is deleted when -ity is attached to active to form activity; similarly, o in long is changed to e when -th is attached to long to form length, reflecting not only orthographical but underlying phonological and morphological change represented in orthography. Although this type of orthographic knowledge is important for the formation of orthographically appropriate derived words, there have been only a few studies of this problem in first languages, and none, to our knowledge, in second languages.

Orthographic knowledge of English derivational morphology among Japanese learners of English was examined using a task requiring the production of a derived word to finish a sentence. The result showed that the more proficient the learners were, the more accurate their orthographic knowledge of English derivational morphology. However, it was also found that while the learners had accurate knowledge of relatively simple orthographic rules (e.g., active → activity), their accuracy dropped significantly when relatively complex rules requiring both orthographic and phonological knowledge (e.g., long → length) were tested. An error analysis showed that the most frequent error type across all proficiency levels was attaching a suffix to a stem without an orthographic change, leading to errors even where the suffix was correct (e.g., longth). In conclusion, while orthographic knowledge becomes more refined as learners become more proficient, some types of orthographic knowledge are still at the developmental stage even for advanced learners. Finally, further findings from the results are discussed, and future research directions suggested.
掲載誌名
広島外国語教育研究
17号
開始ページ
57
終了ページ
70
出版年月日
2014-03-01
出版者
広島大学外国語教育研究センター
ISSN
1347-0892
NCID
SelfDOI
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
Copyright (c) 2014 広島大学外国語教育研究センター
部局名
外国語教育研究センター
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