Development of a Job Stressor Scale for Nurses Caring for Patients with Intractable Neurological Diseases
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Intractable neurological diseases
The purpose of this research is to verify the reliability and validity of a job stressor scale for nurses caring for patients with intractable neurological diseases. A mail survey was conducted using a self-report questionnaire. The subjects were 263 nurses and assistant nurses working in wards specializing in intractable neurological diseases. The response rate was 71.9% (valid response rate, 66.2%).
With regard to reliability, internal consistency and stability were assessed. Internal consistency was examined via Cronbach's α. For stability, the test-retest method was performed and stability was examined via intraclass correlation coefficients. With regard to validity, factor validity, criterion-related validity, and content validity were assessed. Exploratory factor analysis was used for factor validity. For criterion-related validity, an existing scale was used as an external criterion; concurrent validity was examined via Spearman's rank correlation coefficients.
As a result of analysis, there were 26 items in the scale created with an eight factor structure. Cronbach's α for the 26 items was 0.90; with the exception of two factors, α for all of the individual sub-factors was high at 0.7 or higher. The intraclass correlation coefficient for the 26 items was 0.89 (p < 0.001). With regard to criterion-related validity, concurrent validity was confirmed and the correlation coefficient with an external criterion was 0.73 (p < 0.001). For content validity, subjects who responded that "The questionnaire represents a stressor well or to a degree" accounted for 81% of the total responses.
Reliability and validity were confirmed, so the scale created in the current research is a usable scale.
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
Hiroshima University Medical Press
(c) Hiroshima University Medical Press.