現代学習論における身体の地平 : 問題の素描
The Horizon of Body in the Contemporary Theories of Learning : A Sketch of the Problems
The purpose of this paper is to give a sketch of a new aspect of consideration on learning. With a short critical search of a former theory such as learning psychology, a radical theory of learning by Manabu Sato, which was based on the criticism of the constructivist learning theory, was reviewed.
The key concept of the new theory of learning is "body-politics". Taking care of the friction between the radical point of view and the already established institution, paying attention to physical education theory in terms of body, a broad conception of the body-politics as a consideration on learning was indicated.
In short, the necessity of the insight into body is based on the notion that learning is not a psychological schematic process in each individual, but a bodily total human experience of each person involved in the society and the culture. The "politics" of this new methodology means practical discourses on the actual experiences in terms of learning.
The horizon of the body-politics would be huge, and ambiguous in a sense. Some conceptions, such as Gilbert Ryle's The Concept of Mind, Mark Johnson's The Body in the Mind, Morris Berman's The Reenchantment of the World, Gregory Bateson's Steps to an Ecology of Mind, Gunter Gebauer and Christoph Wulf's Mimesis, and other important researches published in Japanese, close to this idea were picked up and referred to.
広島大学教育学部紀要. 第一部, 教育学