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ID 43732
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別タイトル
Comparative Study of Deontic Modality and Imperative Sentences: Using possible worlds semantics
著者
合田 優子
NDC
英語
抄録(英)
The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences between deontic modality and imperative sentences using possible worlds semantics, a framework proposed by Kratzer (1981, 1991, 2012). This study describes whether the preceding studies are appropriate or not. Modality refers to the mental attitude of a speaker and the condition of facts or matters. Deontic modality and imperatives request a hearer to act according to what a speaker says or to obey rules. Both are similar, but have some differences in semantics. Previous studies discussed differences between deontic modal verbs and imperatives using the framework of Kratzer. Imperative sentences and deontic modal sentences are similar to directives usage. For instance, one previous study concluded that the conversational background of imperatives is totally realistic conversational background. What’s more, imperatives did not have a truth value, so the framework could not be used appropriately.
Deontic modality and imperative sentences are different with respect to semantic structures in possible worlds. The conversational backgrounds of imperatives are bouletic conversational backgrounds. In this study, an imperative shows both a speaker’s wish and the truth value; this is a big difference from prior research proposals. Imperative sentences satisfy the set of possible worlds which include the speaker’s wishes and the fact that deontic propositions can be true. On the other hand, a deontic modality has a truth value in terms of the criterion of necessity. In the end, both of the semantic structures are shown in this study.
掲載誌名
欧米文化研究
22号
開始ページ
37
終了ページ
52
出版年月日
2015-12-14
出版者
広島大学大学院総合科学研究科欧米文化研究会
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
総合科学研究科
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