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Relations of nostalgia with music to emotional response and recall of autobiographical memory
Previous researches suggest that musical mood and preferences affects on emotional response, and that context of music also affects on musical-dependent memory. We often feel 'nostalgia' when listening to old familiar tunes. Nostalgia is related to eliciting positive emotions, recall of autobiographical memory and positive evaluations for recall contents. The present study aimed to examine effects of musical mood, preference and nostalgia on emotional responses, the amounts of recall of autobiographical memory, and evaluations to contents of them. Participants were 50 undergraduates. They were presented with 4 music pieces that have listened when they were about ten-years-old. All participants listened to all pieces. As the results, the influences of nostalgia elicited greater positive emotion and amounts of recall of autobiographical memory than musical mood and musical preference. Regardless of musical mood and preference, the more feeling nostalgia, the more elicits positive emotion and autobiographical memory recall.
広島大学総合科学部紀要. IV, 理系編