デリー首都圏地域(N.C.R.)ノイダの都市開発と住宅供給 : 住宅供給と居住者の特徴
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Housing Supply and the Characteristics of Residents : A Case Study of NOIDA in U.P., India.
India has experienced remarkable economic growth since the policy changed to induce foreign investments. Therefore Indian government must produce industrial estates in two ways. Firstly each metropolitan government planned to remove industries from built-up areas in which many small scale industries are agglomerated to suburban areas. Secondly, Indian government started to designated backward areas, for example in Pithampur industrial growth center in M.P. state, which our research group studied in 1996. In this time, we researched the former sample. We selected Noida in Uttar Pradesh state as a survey area, because Noida is one of the largest industrial estate in India and is the best location included in the metropolitan area of the capital city. Delhi has serious over-crowed urbanization. Therefore small scale industries in Delhi must be transferred to some surrounding areas. The dispersal plan has started in 1962 by D.D.A. (Delhi Development Authority). But this plan can not performed easily because Delhi is surrounded three states. It is difficult to adjust each state government. In those days, the need for industrial development in close proximity to Delhi was grew up. Delhi became not only the capital city but also the economic and industrial city. Noida is the name of the organization (New Okhla Industrial Development Authority) and of the place name. Recently Noida is developing rapidly because Noida is bordering the Delhi State on the south eastern side. It is important and attractive to locate adjacent to the capital city for many domestic companies and foreign investments. The purposes of this paper are to describe the development system of town planning in India and to clarify the characteristics of dwellers in Indian new town. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Noida is the great authority which is the permission sector and total coordinator of town planning, for example town planning, land development, housing supply, and many public services. But the development of Noida town is not fully