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ID 46525
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Review of studies on teachers’ understanding of children’s behaviors and characteristics: With a focus on cognitive processes
著者
上山 瑠津子
杉村 伸一郎 大学院教育学研究科 広大研究者総覧
キーワード
kindergarten and nursery school teachers
perspectives or perception
practical knowledge
cognitive processes
NDC
教育
抄録(英)
Recently, researchers have begun to examine teachers’ perspectives on and understanding of the behaviors and characteristics of children. This paper reviews previous studies based on the following four topics. First, it examines the link between teachers’ perspectives and teachers’ behaviors, suggesting that teachers have common perspectives or frameworks and particular interaction styles depending on children’s behaviors and characteristics. Second, it examines teachers’ perspectives toward children’s behaviors and characteristics, identifying the importance of the external objective viewpoint, the internal empathetic viewpoint, and the background environment. Third, regarding reflection for improving teachers’ understanding of children, previous research suggests that it is important that teachersreflect on children analytically. To reflect on children analytically, teachers need to be particularly aware of the external objective viewpoint, the internal empathetic viewpoint, and the background environment. Fourth, regarding knowledge for understanding the behaviors and characteristics of children, more research is needed concerning the specific nature of knowledge and knowledge representation, particularly with reference to cognitive psychology research. Finally, the review suggests that it is necessary to clarify and visualize the cognitive processes involved in teachers’ understanding of children’s behaviors and characteristics.
掲載誌名
幼年教育研究年報
40巻
開始ページ
61
終了ページ
71
出版年月日
2018-10-19
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科附属幼年教育研究施設
ISSN
0388-3078
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
Copyright (c) 2018 幼年教育研究年報編集委員会
部局名
教育学研究科
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