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ID 32084
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Reading Slaughterhouse-Five as "an anti-war work" in the 1960s
著者
NDC
英米文学
抄録(英)
Slaughterhouse-Five consists of two stories. The main story is about Billy Pilgrim and his memory of the war. It deals with such unrealistic elements as a kind of time warp and extraterrestrials and their four dimensional points of view. These science fictional elements are actually the lies which Billy uses to reduce what Leon Festinger, the social-psychologist, calls "cognitive-dissonance," so that he manages to recollect the war and the air raid on Dresden. This is an indirect way to depict the war and the air raid on Dresden but Vonnegut is very successful in driving the appalling tragedy home to the readers in the 60s. Still, because Billy depends on lies to reduce "cognitive-dissonance," he is too weak to fight against wars in order to protect peace. This is why Vonnegut had to create the other story about the writer who wrote Billy's story, to supply the anti-war attitudes and complement Billy's story.

Discussing such literary techniques as the above, this paper considers how well Slaughterhouse-Five functions as "an anti-war book." It further considers the effects of the Vietnam War on the novel, and a comparison of the novel with other novels on war such as The Naked and the Dead, IF I Die in a Combat Zone, and Catch-22, clarifies what the characteristic features of "an anti-war book" in the 60s are.
掲載誌名
広島大学文学部紀要
58巻
開始ページ
177
終了ページ
196
出版年月日
1998-12-25
出版者
広島大学文学部
ISSN
0437-5564
NCID
SelfDOI
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
text
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application/pdf
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文学研究科
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