教科教育学の再点検 : 研究史と教科区分および教科性格の研究の視点より
A Study on the Condition of the Curriculum Research and Development in Japan
The area of study, the curriculum research and development in Japanese education, seems to be a turnning point. Though the cleared direction of this study was presented by Japan curriculum research and development association, 15-20 years ago, it did not face the direction which embodied practical researches and becoming more metaphysically researches.
From a grobably view point, schools have rather real educational problems than subjects. These problems are like school low systems and a school discipline. Therefore formal schools are not functioning a primary task that educate students through teaching the subjests and informal schools recently take on the task to enter a school of higher grade.
There are 5 main subjects such as a mathematic in spite of no definition of the higher grade of subjects and others are like a physical education which has a different character and a thought of evaluate system. We must have confident of the character and the thought of evaluate system, because both the abilities of 5 main. subjects and other subjects are very important to get the quality of life (QOL)
when making a focus from our total life span and our life style.
As an additional term, it is very important to study the relationship between one's real intention to the school and formal policy to the school for the school education.
The results are summarized as follow ;
1) When the study on curriculum research and development are limited to the area of subjects, the value of research will be not a significance for formal schools.
2) When we start to study on curriculum research and development, we must have some questions about low systems in Japan.
3) When school teachers are limited to the primary task, we must construct the system to back up the teachers.