アメリカの大学評議会と共同統治 : カリフォルニア大学の事例 <論考>
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Academic Senates and Shared Governance in American Universities : The case of the University of California <Article>
This paper discusses the governance system of major American research universities. Specifically, it analyzes the governance of the University of California System and that of Berkeley campus, as major cases that embody most clearly the ideals of shared governance in major research universities. ‘Shared Governance’ means that the governing structure includes multiple entities such as boards of regents/trustees, presidents and other executive officers, and also faculty members, who together participate in decision making processes along multiple dimensions. After describing the basic structure of university governance and its development at American research universities, the paper discusses the historical development, organizational structure and the main functions of the Academic Senate, which is the key feature for the faculty members’ participation in the governance of the University of California.
In Japan, nowadays, governance has become one of the most important issues in university reform. This paper provides a broad view on that contemporary issue by presenting material for discussion, on “How should university governance function?” Contemporary universities have multiple dimensions in their activities; they promote science and scholarship, meet diverse needs of the society, and at the same time should maintain a solid structure of operation and sound finances. Based upon these understandings, universities are inevitably required to reflect in their operations the views and responsibilities of the diverse constituencies which they serve.
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