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ID 48893
本文ファイル
別タイトル
過去50年のアマゾンの開発と保全の試み
著者
Tsuchiya, Akio 大学院統合生命科学研究科 広大研究者総覧
抄録(英)
Development projects within Brazilian Amazon, such as resource exploitation and civilian settlements, were bulled through by military governments from the 1960s to the 1980s, but since that time, due to domestic hyper-inflation and the anti-logging campaigns of foreign countries, the federal government shifted to environmental conservation. A main turning point was the Pilot Program for Protection of the Tropical Forests of Brazil (PPG7) which was implemented with the financial aid of developed countries. From the second half of the 1990s, however, not only conservation projects in Amazonia but also developmental projects in Cerrado have been supported by stable domestic economies and widespread neoliberalism. The development drive has centered upon infrastructure constructions which promote exporting meat and soybeans. At a local level, the Secretariat of State for Rural Production consists of sections for both development and conservation – family farmer assistance and environmental protection – and the state government for environmental protection segregates the full protection units and the sustainable use units through Ecological-Economic Zoning. Meanwhile, environmental NGOs in various communities have experimented with agroforestry. The relay harvesting of nonwood products helps to increase the biomass and species richness. It is hoped that the local governments will continue to cooperate with agroforestry NGOs in order to raise the behaviors of small farmers.
掲載誌名
広島大学大学院総合科学研究科紀要. II, 環境科学研究
14巻
開始ページ
59
終了ページ
77
出版年月日
2019-12-31
出版者
広島大学大学院総合科学研究科
ISSN
1881-7696
NCID
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
掲載された論文,研究ノート,要旨などの出版権・著作権は広島大学大学院総合科学研究科に帰属する。
Copyright (c) 2019 Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, All rights reserved.
部局名
総合科学研究科
統合生命科学研究科
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