The comparison between attention training technique and mindfulness for worry <Articles>
Both Mindfulness meditation (MM) and Attention Training Technique (ATT) are expected to improve attentional control and meta-cognitive skills. On the other hand, two methods have different foci of attention. MM asks participants to focus on bodily sensations, while ATT requires to focus on neutral sounds in daily life. Does such difference in attentional objects make difference in intervention effects and/or their mediators? In this study, we compared the effect of one-week shortterm MM and ATT in students with high level of worry. We conducted randomized trial with prepost repeated design. Specifically, we examined their effects on worry, attentional control, meta-cognitive skills, anxiety sensitivity, and alexithymia. Results include following findings: (1) ATT group showed improvements in divided attention and lack of awareness, anxiety sensitivity, and worrying. (2) MM group only showed trends for improvement in worry. Results suggest that attentional skills play an important role in the reduction of worry and its concomitants.
広島大学大学院総合科学研究科紀要. I, 人間科学研究
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