このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 43004
本文ファイル
別タイトル
The Story of the Dragon Princess in the Zheng fa hua jing by Zhu Fahu
著者
白 景皓
NDC
中国文学
抄録(英)
The story of the Dragon Princess 龍女, which appears in the “Devadatta 提婆達多” chapter of the Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra that corresponds to Chapter 12 of its Chinese version by Kumārajīva, is wellknown as depicting an eight-year-old daughter of the nāga (dragon) king Sāgara who, never swerving from the path of enlightenment, manifests herself as a male bodhisattva to attain Buddhahood. Of this story there are four Chinese translations: the Sa tan fen tuo li jing 薩曇分陀利經by an unknown translator, the Zheng fa hua jing 正法華經by Zhu Fahu 竺法護(*Dharmarakṣa), the Miao fa lian hua jing 妙法蓮華經by Kumārajīva, and the Tian pin miao fa lian hua jing 添品妙法蓮華經by Jñānagupta and Dharmagupta. The Chinese translation of the story by 法意(*Dharmamati) was later incorporated into the Miao fa lian hua jing 妙法蓮華經.
The present paper aims at providing a Japanese translation of the Chinese version of the story in the Zheng fa hua jing 正法華經by Zhu Fahu. Zhu Fahu, who translated the sūtra into Chinese in 286 CE, was the first to introduce the One Vehicle doctrine into China. It is commonly accepted that the Zheng fa hua jing 正法華經is difficult to read and understand because at the time when Zhu Fahu undertook to make a Chinese translation of the sūtra Chinese Buddhist terms had not been established.
Biographies of Zhu Fahu and historical materials referring to him comment that his translation is plain and artless in comparison to Kumārajīva’s. Kawano 2007 has already pointed out that Zhu Fahu’s translation has the following characteristics:

1. The same word or phrase is differently rendered;
2. Phrases consisting of four characters tend to be used;
3. Words are coined with synonyms;
4. Supplementary expressions are used;
5. A one-to-one correspondence between Sanskrit words and their nonliteral translations;
6. Unintelligible doctrinal passages are not translated.

In addition to these, we may point out that inversion is in frequent use (7). Instances pertaining to the characteristics found in the story in the Zheng fa hua jing 正法華經are as follows:

1. 得仏,成仏,成正覚,成最正覚;
2. 在於海中惟但敷演正法華經;
3. 惟但,倉卒,弘廣,聡明;
4. 怪未曾有;
7. 歷劫難計、佛不可得、功積顯著.
内容記述
広島大学比較論理学プロジェクト研究センター研究成果報告書(2016年度)
掲載誌名
比較論理学研究
14号
開始ページ
123
終了ページ
139
出版年月日
2017-03-25
出版者
広島大学比較論理学プロジェクト研究センター
ISSN
1880-6376
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
文学研究科
他の一覧