理学療法士養成制度成立過程における専門職像の変容 : 独自性と自律性に着目して
Changing Professional Image of Physical Therapists in the Process of Constructing Training System
This study describes physical therapists’ professionalization issues, with a focus on the uniqueness and autonomy of the profession. The Physical Therapist and Occupational Therapist Act specified a training system for physical therapists. The changes to the draft Act were analyzed to identify what factors affected these changes. The results show that the official documents for the draft Act demonstrate physical therapy’s uniqueness as distinct from other professions and the doctors’ complementary autonomy, which specified the “legislation aim,” “occupations,” and “qualification for national examination” as originally drafted. However, the uniqueness and autonomy of physical therapists were found to decrease as the draft was amended. Therefore, these changes can be shown to be strongly influenced by activities to protect the security of conventional occupations. Arguments about the new profession’s own meanings, abilities, and knowledge were then marginalized.
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第三部, 教育人間科学関連領域