日本人大学生における対人関係領域のアイデンティティにとって重要な他者は誰か? : 選択された他者別に検討した,アイデンティティ形成の3次元と人格,心理社会的問題,親子関係との関連
Which Person is Important to Relational Identity in Japanese University Students? : Examining associations between identity processes and personality, psychosocial problems, and parent-adolescent relationships for different selected persons
The Utrecht-Management of Identity Commitments Scale (U-MICS) is a tool for assessing three identity processes (commitment, in-depth exploration, and reconsideration of commitment) in one ideological (educational) and one relational domain. For the Japanese version of U-MICS, concurrent validity has been confirmed in the educational domain, but not in the relational domain. A possible reason was that participants could choose which person to think about when answering items about relational identity on the U-MICS questionnaire. Because associations between relational identity processes and correlates might be different across participants choosing differing persons, theoretically consistent associations were not found in total in the previous study. The present study addressed this by investigating which person is important to relational identity formation in Japanese university students (N = 642, 48.0% female, mean age = 20.0 years). We first divided participants into four groups according to the person they thought about filling items about relational identity: (a) father, (b) mother, (c) best friend or partner, and (d) sibling or other. We then examined associations between the three relational identity processes and measures of personality, psychosocial problems, and parent-adolescent relationships, by group. Results showed that meaningful associations between all these were found in a group of participants who chose their mother, suggesting that a mother can be the most important frame of reference for relational identity formation in Japanese university students. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第三部, 教育人間科学関連領域