中国の大学における職業生涯教育の拡大とその課題 : 山東省3大学を事例に
Recent Expansion of Career Education into Higher Level and Concerning Issues in China : A Case Study of Shandong
Higher education in China
This paper shows the course of the expansion of 'career education' into higher education in China and analyses the issues concerned by focusing on education policy implementation and an estimation of people in college in Shandong. As the job shortage problem for university graduates has worsened, 'career education' has been widely implemented in Chinese higher education settings. However, the China's 'career education'efforts have many problems, such as the lack of teachers with specialisations. Only a few surveys to date have investigated the process and actual conditions surrounding the construction of these problems. In this paper, the course of the expansion and the present condition of 'career education' in Chinese universities will be investigated. The following conclusions have been reached: (1) 'career education' in Chinese university is a concept that was introduced quickly via policy and expanded by the same; moreover, correcting a college student's employment consciousness is emphasized as the main purpose of such programmes; (2) the programmes' execution has a tendency to emasculate staff's efforts; (3) although a few of the employment instruction faculty at the university level emphasize the effect of 'career education', many of them suspect the meaning and lack of power behind the programmes; and, (4) while the college students expect to receive career support from the university, they are denied 'career education' while there.
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第三部, 教育人間科学関連領域